The Final Information To Shopping for Gem stones –

Gem stones are lovely, modern, and an effective way to specific your fashion. However how have you learnt which of them to purchase…and the place? Learn on to search out out all the things it is advisable know to make sure you select the proper coloured gemstone for you.

a selection of different gemstones with a rainbow background

We perceive there’s a lot to think about when making such a major buy. After studying this weblog, you might not be an authorized gemstone knowledgeable, however you would possibly begin to really feel like one!

Gem stones Fundamentals

Let’s begin with the fundamentals. Many people learn about birthstones, totally different gemstones that correspond to the months of the yr. However what are these colourful creatures, and the way are they created? Are all gem stones created equal? Let’s dive in.

What are the Totally different Forms of Gem stones?

There are quite a few gem stones, the preferred being garnet, amethyst, aquamarine, diamonds, emeralds, pearls, rubies, peridot, sapphires, opals, citrine, and topaz. Every gemstone corresponds to a month of the yr, is related to a particular which means, and has its personal coloration (or colours…some gem stones are available in multiple hue).

Associated Weblog Submit: Birthstone Engagement Ring Concepts For Every Month

How are Gem stones Created?

You’ll have heard about earth created and lab created diamonds, effectively their fellow gem stones (sure, diamonds are a gemstone!) aren’t any totally different. Gem stones can each be discovered within the earth and created within the lab. Lab created gem stones, like earth created gem stones, are 100% actual. The one distinction is their hometown and means of creation. The ultimate outcome remains to be an actual, vibrant, colourful gemstone.

What’s the Distinction Between Treasured vs. Semi-Treasured?

Gem stones fall into two main classes: valuable and semi-precious. Solely 4 gem stones are thought-about valuable: diamonds, sapphires, rubies, and emeralds. All different gem stones are a part of the semi-precious class. The principle distinction is hardness. Whereas valuable gem stones are extremely wanted, they’re essentially extra precious than their semi-precious counterparts. The worth will depend on issues like rarity, dimension, and high quality.

an infographic table showing the different between precious and semi-precious gemstones

What Ought to I Take into account When Shopping for Gem stones?

There’s a lot to know when shopping for gem stones, we advocate protecting the next issues in thoughts:

  • Sort: Totally different gem stones have totally different traits. From colours to shapes to availability, realizing which gemstone you’re looking for is essential.
  • High quality: The standard of a gemstone will have an effect on its coloration and worth, amongst different issues. Take a look at the part on the 4Cs beneath!
  • Origin: Gem stones can come from the earth or the lab. Whereas each are 100% gem stones, the origin can have an effect on the brightness of the hue and the worth. Some could have a private desire for the origin as effectively.
  • Remedy: Many gem stones obtain numerous remedies to make sure they’re one of the best model of themselves. Some remedies can have an effect on the worth. See extra beneath!
  • Certification: Certifications comprise essential details about a gemstone’s origin, high quality, and traits. Consultants advocate buying a gemstone licensed by a good physique such because the Gemological Institute of America (GIA). Enjoyable truth, all gem stones at James Allen are licensed by both the GIA or the American Gem Society (AGS).
  • Upkeep: Totally different gem stones require totally different upkeep. From cleansing to circumstances when it’s beneficial to take away them, you will need to preserve this essential consider thoughts.

The 4 Cs Apply To Gem stones Too

Whereas some could also be aware of the 4C’s as they apply to diamonds particularly, they really apply to all gem stones, and you will need to preserve them in thoughts when looking for them.


The colour of a gemstone has three foremost elements: hue, tone, and saturation. The hue of a gemstone is what most individuals image once you discuss coloration. Often, the colour of a gemstone is blended, consisting of a foremost coloration and a second coloration blended in. Saturation refers to how pure or intense the primary coloration is.

The purer a gemstone’s hue or coloration, which means the smaller the tints of different blended in colours, the extra precious the gemstone. Moreover, the brighter and extra dynamic the colour, the higher. Many consumers favor gem stones whose coloration is extra gentle than darkish.


On the subject of gem stones, readability considerations the quantity of inclusions or blemishes within the gemstone. This is a vital consideration because it impacts the worth and look of the gemstone. Gemstone readability is rated from “included” to “flawless.” The extra flawless, the upper the worth.

an infographic showing the clarity scale for gemstones


A gemstone’s minimize is how it’s formed and polished. This impacts the worth of the gemstone, in addition to its brightness. Gemstone cuts are available in spherical, princess, Asscher, cushion, emerald, oval, marquise, and pear.

an infographic showing the different shapes for gemstones

Associated Submit: How To Select The Greatest Diamond Form And Measurement For Your Finger


A gemstone’s carat refers to its weight, one other essential issue when figuring out the worth of a gemstone. Bigger gem stones are thought-about extra uncommon and thus extra precious.

an infographic showing the different scale of carat sizes for gemstones

All You Must Know About Gemstone Grading Experiences

Gemstone grading studies state particulars and specs concerning the gemstone, such because the carat weight, form, and different measurements. It additionally notes if the gemstone has obtained remedy. You could buy a gemstone with a grading report from a good company, such because the GIA, IGI (Worldwide Gemological Institute), or AGS.

A GIA certificate for gemstones

Gemstone Remedies: What Are They?

Gemstone remedies, often known as enhancements, are the processes utilized to gem stones to enhance their pure state. These remedies usually make the gemstone stronger and enhance its brightness. Some remedies have a everlasting impact, whereas others require upkeep.

Frequent Remedies and Their Results

The commonest remedies are warmth remedies, irradiation, dyeing, filling, and coating. Warmth and irradiation remedies and coating remedies assist to carry out the colour and enhance the gemstone’s readability. Filling remedies assist to restore any cavities or fractures that may have an effect on a gemstone’s look.

Can You Inform If a Gemstone Has Been Handled?

Whereas an expert gemologist utilizing microscopes can inform if a gemstone has been handled, usually, gemstone remedies are unseen by the bare eye.

High Suggestions & Methods For Shopping for Gem stones

As you’ll be able to see, shopping for a gemstone is a critical enterprise. When making such an funding, you will need to preserve the next issues in thoughts:

  • Select a Dependable Gemstone Supplier: Ensure you are purchasing at a good store that gives certificates for his or her gem stones and diamonds.
  • Ask Questions: Take into consideration what’s essential to you and ensure to ask. Whether or not it’s the 4Cs or remedies, be certain that the gemstone you get has the specified qualities. 
  • Keep in mind Private Desire: Whether or not you favor a darkish or gentle hue, a sure form, a everlasting remedy, or are OK with a gemstone which will require some upkeep, the proper gemstone is the one you’re keen on finest.

How To Care For Your Gem stones

Upon getting chosen your gem stones, you will need to preserve them so that they at all times shine shiny.

Cleansing and Storage

You will have two decisions when cleansing your gem stones: at house or with an expert. When selecting to take action at house, comply with these steps:

  1. Take a small bowl and fill it with gentle dish cleaning soap or particular jewellery cleaner
  2. Combine the answer and take a soft-bristled toothbrush or particular jewellery brush and gently scrub the gemstone.
  3. Now take a gentle, lint-free fabric and gently pat dry the gemstone.

If uncertain, you’ll be able to at all times carry your gemstone to an expert for cleansing companies. This may be completed at most respected retailers.

an infographic detailing how to clean your engagement ring at home

When storing your gemstone, protecting them within the unique gentle packaging is beneficial to stop scratches and different doable injury. 

Keep away from These Frequent Dangers

Preserve your gem stones out of direct warmth or daylight, and at all times keep away from harsh chemical substances. It’s also beneficial to soundly retailer your gem stones when going to the seashore, swimming in a pool (howdy chlorine!), understanding, cleansing, and showering.

Keep in mind, this stuff can injury the gem stones you spent a lot time choosing. Let’s preserve these gem stones shining shiny!

Associated Submit: How To Shield Your Engagement Ring At The Health club: And Different Occasions To Take away Your Ring

When To Go To The Execs

In case your gemstone is a part of an intricately designed piece or you’re nervous about enterprise this job your self, it’s best to ask an expert. Most respected jewellery retailers will present cleansing companies.

Don’t Neglect to Get pleasure from Your Gem stones

This can be our most essential tip! You will have completed the analysis and located the gem stones; now, it’s time to indicate them off! Whether or not you select a novel, colourful gemstone engagement ring, a superb birthstone pendant, or beautiful gemstone earrings, be certain that to get pleasure from them!


What are the important thing elements when shopping for gem stones?

Remember the kind of gemstone you need, in fact, your price range, and the 4Cs. Don’t neglect to think about any remedies and search for certification.

What’s the distinction between earth created and lab created gem stones, and does it matter?

The one distinction is the place they arrive from. Gem stones from the lab are simply as actual as these discovered within the earth. They simply have a special origin story.

What are widespread gemstone remedies, and do they have an effect on the worth?

The commonest remedies are warmth, irradiation, and filling. Whereas these remedies enhance the gemstone’s look, they’ll (however don’t at all times) decrease its worth, making these lovely items extra inexpensive.

How can I discover a respected retailer?

Do your analysis! Learn buyer evaluations and ensure their merchandise are licensed. Examine their return insurance policies and at all times search for jewellery related to and/or makes use of certificates from skilled organizations such because the AGS or GIA.

How do I take care of my gemstone?

Ensure that to soundly retailer your gemstone and preserve it clear. And, in fact, get pleasure from it!

Store The Gemstone Look

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With over 10 years of expertise writing and enhancing on all kinds of topics, Sarah is a veteran of the content material world. Since becoming a member of James Allen, she has targeted on all issues diamonds and fantastic jewellery with the purpose of teaching and empowering shoppers.